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Canadian Politics

A15(b) - Gender and Public Policy in Canada

Date: Jun 6 | Time: 08:45am to 10:15am | Location: SWING 405

Chair/Président/Présidente : Manon Tremblay (University of Ottawa)

Discussant/Commentateur/Commentatrice : Manon Tremblay (University of Ottawa)


Session Abstract: Palgrave-McMillian has contracted with Manon Tremblay and Joanna Everitt to produce an edited Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Canadian Politics. This new collection of articles by leading scholars in the field of gender and politics crosses all of the fields of Canadian politics and has as its primary objective the revisiting of the field of Canadian politics in light of gender (interpreted broadly, as inclusive of gender identities and performances (women’s femininities and men’s masculinities) and sexualities). This approach will result in an important resource for those researching and teaching in the discipline. In order to ensure that the various papers in the Handbook gets feedback from all parts of the discipline we are submitting a proposal to hold four different panels at the CPSA Annual meetings in 2019. These panels can be cross listed between the Gender and Politics and Canadian Politics sections as well as the Political Theory, the Political Behaviour and the Public Policy sections. The four panels are outlined below with the abstracts following each proposed panel. Tremblay and Everitt will assist in organizing the panels by agreeing to arrange Chairs and Discussants for each section. This paper has been submitted to the Canadian Politics and Law and Public Policy Section, but is also appropriate for the Gender and Politics Section.


Gender and Public Administration and Government Services in Canada: Tammy Findlay (Mount Saint Vincent University)
Abstract: This paper will provide a general introduction to the relationship between gender and public administration. It will begin with a basic overview of the History, Structure, and Role of Public Administration in Canada. It will then consider the ways in which a gender lens can be applied to the study of public administration, with a focus on the following sections: feminist theories of the state and bureaucracy; women’s representation and the bureaucracy (the Royal Commission on the Status of Women, state feminism, women’s policy machinery); Gender-Based Analysis (GBA) and GBA+; and women in the public service.


First Nations Women and Government Policy in Canada: Cora Voyageur (University of Calgary)
Abstract: Life has not been easy for First Nations women in Canada. Since Europeans contact, First Nations people, and most specifically First Nations women, have been placed in a precarious and subordinate situation by both foreign and domestic governments. First Nations women share many of the concerns as settler women: childcare, family responsibilities, social inequality, employment and political rights. However, unlike mainstream Canadian women, First Nations women must also contend with the restrictive policies of the Indian Act which governs many aspects of their lives. This paper examines the racist public policies and sexist legislation that governs First Nations women in Canadian society. I argue that to fully understand the current social, political and economic position of First Nations women one must understand the historical foundations for First Nation women’s subordinate position in Canadian.


Gender and Canadian Economic and Fiscal Policy: Geneviève Tellier (University of Ottawa)
Abstract: Canada can be characterized as a mixed economy. This means that while the Canadian state promotes free-market mechanisms to allocate resources in society, it also tries to influence economic outcomes. This paper will present the main features of economic and fiscal policies in Canada. It will start with a description of the main Canadian economic policies (macroeconomic, fiscal and sectorial, or industrial, policies), and then explain why the Canadian state intervenes, using various policy instruments (building on Musgrave’s classic functions of the modern state: allocation, redistribution, and stabilization, and on various concepts of market failures among other things). The presentation will then focus on analyzing the Canadian State economic intervention using a gender perspective. It will conclude with a discussion on gender budgeting and gender-based analysis.