Abstract: In Canada and internationally, despite a very wide and diverse network of women experts, the representation of women in parliament, in the armed forces, in leadership positions in the private sector and even in the academy remains poor. We know that diversity of voices makes a difference to policy and practice, we know that having more women in the armed forces improves conflict resolution outcomes, from peace negotiation to post-conflict reconstruction efforts. From Ottawa to the UN, the message is loud and clear: assessing the needs of both men and women makes for sounder policymaking and programming. Still women’s voices and perspectives remain underrepresented, even if gender mainstreaming approaches have gotten traction with Canada’s feminist foreign policy. This roundtable will assess recent research on these national and global trends, but will tie them to women’s contributions to the field of International Relations more broadly.